عسكرة النزاعات السياسية فى ليبياpdf

 

 

 

د. رجب ضو المريض 

جامعة الزيتونة بني وليد– ليبيا

ملخص :

تعد النزاعات المسلحة غير الدولية قديمة قدم الدولة، فهذه الأخيرة كثيراً ما تجد نفسها في نزاع مسلح داخلي، تغذيه أسباب عدة أو حرب أهلية تهدف إلى القضاء على النظام القائم وتغييره بآخر. وقد يكون هذا النزاع بين جماعتين متصارعتين أو أكثر ترغب كل منهما في الوصول إلى السلطة. وتتعدد النزاعات المسلحة غير الدولية والتي تختلف صورها وأشكالها ولكنها تشترك في مخرجاتها، وخاصة عندما يصل الأمر إلى المساس بحياة المدنيين، وهذه النزاعات لها طبيعة خاصة تميزها عن معرفة المقاتلين لبعضهم البعض والحقد المركب الذي تكنه تلك الأطراف لبعضها البعض، وهذه النزاعات تأخذ شكل حرب العصابات والشوارع في أغلب الأحيان وتكون مدعومة من العسكريين والمدنيين على السواء ، مما جعل جبهاتها غامضة المعالم، والتمييز بين المقاتلين وغير المقاتلين يكون أمرًا بالغ الصعوبة، وهنا يكون المدنيون الأبرياء أول ضحاياها، والنتيجة النهائية لهذه النزاعات تكون انهيارًا تامًّا لمؤسسات الدولة، وانتشار العنف والفوضي والسرقات.

ولعل هناك نماذج كثيرة لمثل هذه الحروب منها ما حدث في العراق عقب الغزو الأمريكي، واليمن وليبيا، وسوريا التي تشهد حروبًا داخلية عقب سقوط أنظمتها السياسية ، وعقب الانتفاضة في ليبيا على نظام معمر القذافي 17/2/2011 شهدت عسكرة الثورة أو النزاع بين النظام ومعارضيه

Abstract :

Throughout the stages of political process, we conclude many important results, it is as the following:

 1 - The absence of organization and leadership of the revolutionaries in the form of military and political wing, made the transition process at a stage in which the country has reached the extent of the threat to national security, through its economy is deteriorating and its borders and the violated airspace.

2-The proliferation of weapons threatens the transitional process, and may be a major factor in imposing internal or external visions on the House of Representatives and the government.

3-The hypothesis of federalism through the victorious areas of the post-revolution, and access to the potential of the state, making them a major player on the Libyan arena, whether by imposing the tribal agenda, or through the passage of external projects, regional or international.

4-Absence of a practical vision in building the state through a clear roadmap, with the participation of the people, setting the time frame for the transitional phase in a parallel line to write the constitution under the supervision of the judiciary and international organizations.

5-the possibility of the collapse of parties with a fragile base and the possibility of creating new alliances, including the large number of these parties, according to the aspirations of the people, which increases the intensity of competition for the presidential race after the emergence of a constitution that defines the form of the state.

6-Accelerating the writing of the Constitution will eliminate the deterioration in the structure of the state and the transitional phase, and the establishment of the judiciary, and return to work can enable the state to cut the corruption even gradually

7-Do not exaggerate in the rooting of the idea of ​​political isolation, because of the impact on the national interest and make the isolation takes a purely legal, not based on the liquidation of political accounts.

8-The reason for the deterioration of the current transitional phase is the absence of a file of national reconciliation in party programs, knowing that this file represents the most important basis among the foundations of state building, and to enter into a comprehensive reconciliation according to legal control to be held accountable for the crime against the homeland and the people.

9-To grant an opportunity to the elected and internationally recognized parliament and the elected government of Abdullah Al-Thani to support the leadership of the transitional phase towards the establishment of the state with all its institutions, and to prepare the stage of popular participation in the selection of the head of state.

10-Work with neighboring countries to protect national and national security and respect for the sovereignty of States in accordance with international treaties and conventions and protect the economic resources of the State.

The non-international armed conflict as old as the state, these latter often find themselves in an internal armed conflict, fueled by a number of reasons or civil war aimed at eliminating the existing system and change it with another. This conflict may be between the two groups or more conflict could want each of them access to power. There are numerous non-international armed conflicts, whose forms and forms differ but share their outcomes, especially when it comes to the lives of civilians. These conflicts have a special nature that distinguishes them from the knowledge of each other and the complex hatred that each other has. most often, and be backed by the military and civilians alike, making vaguely defined fronts, and the distinction between combatants and non-combatants is very difficult, and here innocent civilians are the first victims, the end result of these conflicts is that Fully state institutions Lara, and the spread of violence, chaos and thefts.